Depression is as old as civilization. It is one of the oldest illnesses described in medicine. Depression is most often associated with feelings of sadness, however, it represents much more than just sadness.
When a man is in bad mood that is not depression. There are periods of life when a person is sad, because of a loss, the death of a relative, friend or resulted in material or emotional loss, the grief is short and slightly weak. That also is not depression.
If the sadness arises without any reason or cause disproportionate or if sadness persists or returns, if a man feels difficult to work, to socialize, to sleep, can not more look forward to life no more , then this is not usually a grudge, but that is probably depression.
Depression is a deadly disease in psychiatry, because about 20% of depressed people commit suicide. This illness requires professional attention and treatment. Clinical depression is described as a disorder with physical and mental characteristics that can impair an individual’s ability to function in society and the workplace.
Most often occurs in people who had painful experiences and suffered from degradation, humiliation or shame or have experienced a loss. The negative feelings resulting from disappointments or losses in childhood, poor regulation of self-esteem, anger directed towards themselves and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness are typical for depression.
This ‘illness’ can’t be determined by laboratory tests . To determine whether you are depressed and how you are depressed, your doctor will ask questions about your feelings, their emergence and development as well as how and whether you can deal with them. With these questions, your doctor will put together a complete history, when the depression began, how long it lasted, how severe is that you’ve had before and how you will be treated. The doctor will ask you if you used alcohol or drugs, have you ever thought about death and suicide, if someone in the family had it and how they are treated. The assessment will also include testing your mental condition to determine the way you talk, how you think etc.
The main symptoms of are feelings of loss of interest and will, energy and a feeling of prolonged and severe tiredness. Other symptoms include feelings of guilt, inferior thoughts, decreased self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, difficulty concentrating, impaired psychomotor activity (restlessness, agitation, excitement or braking), sleep disturbance, loss of appetite and weight loss.
There are few categories of depression:
The patients usually can work with smaller difficulties in social or work environment, often do not stop to take their daily lives, but it’s bit more difficult for them to work and they see themselves as less worthy.
Patients usually do not work and avoid being at work or in society. Moderate depression has a significant impact on the daily life of man.
Patients can not function right socially or at work, and often have problems with living and personal tasks.
The last report of the WHO:
From Depression are affected about 120 million people worldwide.
It’s among the leading causes of disability in the world.
Depression can be reliably diagnosed and treated in primary care.
Less than 25% of those patients who had an effective therapy.