Hormonal imbalance, as the name says, is imbalance of hormones. Estrogen and progesterone, two hormones, which are cyclically produced in a woman’s body during each month, can come into a state of imbalance and disturbed relationships.
This causes a phenomenon that is called, hormonal imbalance, which can significantly affect the health of women.
Hormones are chemical substances that are produced by the endocrine glands such as the pituitary, pineal gland, adrenal glands, thyroid, pancreas. Production of hormones and the ovaries in women, who create sex hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone and semen in men produce testosterone and androsterone. The role of hormones is metabolic, productive and reproductive. They also have an impact on the mental state of the organism (dopamine, serotonin).
Estrogen is the primary female sex hormone. This hormone has role in the metabolic processes in the body, causing an increase in body weight and create fat deposits, which are also depot estrogen. Reduces muscle mass, affects the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, participate in cyclic changes in women. Lack of estrogen causes symptoms in women in the form of absent or irregular menstrual bleeding, decrease in libido, early menopause, inability to conceive and changes in mood.
Progesterone is another important hormone in women, who together with estrogen regulates the cyclical changes in the ovaries and uterus. It is important during pregnancy because from this hormone it depends the outcome of pregnancy and the adoption of a healthy fetus in the world. It’s called the “protector of pregnancy”. After birth, its concentration decreases. The lack of the hormone progesterone can be recognized in the form of symptoms such as irregular periods, inability to maintain pregnancy, preterm delivery or miscarriage.
Prolactin is a hormone that affects the normal functioning of the mammary gland and lactation (milk production). It is important during lactation, but over time its concentration decreases. Lack of prolactin is manifested as poor lactation, too little milk, menstrual disorders, delayed puberty, fatigue.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone, which is next to the testicles and epididymis, it is produced in the adrenal glands, in lower concentrations. He is also secreted in women, to participate in the creation of a normal balance of hormones with estrogen and progesterone. Lack of testosterone in women can be seen as a lack of libido, quite dry skin, hair, nails. The increased concentration of testosterone in a woman’s body, causes an increased body hair, acne, excessive sweating, polycystic ovaries and other hormonal dysfunction.
The causes that can lead to a state of imbalance between hormones, are usually accompanied by certain life stages in a woman. Hormonal disorders are noticeable during puberty, the reproductive period, premenopausal and postmenopausal, as well as during the premenstrual period. Possible cause of hormonal imbalance is prolonged and uncontrolled use of hormonal, synthetic preparations for contraception. The introduction of synthetic, exogenous hormones in the body, over a long period, can significantly change the hormonal status in women, and thus affect their reproductive health.
Other causes may be due to certain diseases, such as diabetes, thyroid disease etc. Among the major causes of hormonal imbalance in the body are stress, poor diet, a strict diet, insufficient physical activity, pregnancy, menstrual cycle, smoking, alcohol, caffeine, drugs. Entering hormones, pesticides, toxins through food can disrupt normal hormonal balance in the body. Presence of pesticides in vegetables, fruits and other foods, is only one route of administration of foreign substances in the body, which “mimic” estrogen, and thus may lead to hormonal disbalance, as a serious marker for the development of hormone dependent tumors. Candida also can be a serious driver of hormonal imbalances. It behaves like estrogen, causing the body to reduce the secretion of estrogen from its own gland. In this way, can affect the work of the thyroid gland and the secretion of the hormone thyroxine.
The symptoms of hormonal disorders or imbalances are irregular periods, headaches and migraines, sleep disorders, absence of concentration and poor memory, constant hunger, fatigue, mood swings and depression. Also appearance of oily skin, acne, pimples, painful breasts and loss of libido .