Tangerine (lat. citrus tangerina), a type of mandarin orange (lat. citrus reticulata), which originated in China, is a name of fruit which comes from Morocco, from capital Tangier.
Tangerine, same as oranges or mandarins, is very low in calories, it has 53 calories in 100 grams. Tangerines is valuable source of flavonoid antioxidants, even few times higher than orange, flavonoid antioxidants such as, vitamin A, lutein, carotenes, xanthin, naringenin, naringin etc.
As a citrus fruit, tangerine is very rich source of vitamin C which is natural antioxidant and plays important role for maintaining healthy body and mind. Tangerines also contain vitamins B1, B2 and B3, natural soluble and insoluble fiber, some minerals like magnesium, potassium etc.
In this article, we will guide you through entire sowing process and help you to grow tangerines in your own home, to have your own natural and organic tangerines, free of pesticides.
Preparation and sowing process
- Purchase organic seeds from trusted seller.
- Buy small to average size flower pot with multiple drainage holes. (4′ pot inch is fine).
- From nurseries or garden centers buy organic potting soil mix. One bag is for two 8′ inch pots. (Ask for Cactus/Citrus soil- it’s around 10$)
- Place few small stones on bottom of the pot (for better airflow) and fill the pot just below the rim with organic mix soil. Use soil mix that is lightweight and which drains well.
- Before planting the seeds, first moisture the soil. Just water it and let it drain well.
- Plant few seeds, no more than 2 inches deep and cover them with soil gently, without pressing them hard into the soil.
- Cover the pot with plastic wrap to maintain good moisture, to keep them warm and to speed germination. Newly sown seeds need to be kept constantly moist for the first month.
- Place the pot at warm location (not on direct sunlight) and water your seeds regularly. Maintain the moisture at all time.
- Move your seeds to natural light when they’ve sprouted and remove the plastic wrap. Make sure they at least 8 hours of sunlight. (South or Southwest facing window is ideal).
- Fertilize the plant once in a month and during hot summer and cold winter months fertilize two times a month. Citrus trees need more nitrogen than phosphorus and potassium, so your fertilizer need to be in a 2-1-1 ratio. Liquid fertiliser are best to be used.
- After approximately few months, when tangerine will start to grow and to spread larger roots, repot your plant into a bigger pot. Select a new pot that is bigger than the current pot. After, 6”-9″ container is recommend for one year trees and a 10-14″ container for 2-3 year trees. In future, as the tree grows, increase the container size. 18-20″ diameter pot is enough for mature tree.
This process takes about six to nine months, depending on the conditions.
Putting forth some effort and you will have your own, organic tangerine tree. Enjoy these amazing fruits whenever you wish!
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