Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant disease. Most patients are about 60 years old or older. The cause is still not exactly known.
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. It is very important that your doctor discuss the plan of treatment and to understand why this particular type of treatment is determined for you. Depending on whether it comes to cancer of the colon or rectum, appropriate treatment strategy is applied.
People who have polyps or colon cancer at an early stage, generally do not feel any symptoms. If they occur, symptoms are blood in the stool, pain and cramps, changes in the rhythm of abdominal discharge, weight loss, and anemia, which is sometimes the only way to manifest disease, especially for tumor cecum. Sedimentation is often normal, and elevated alkaline phosphatase suggests metastases in the liver.
If you have any of these symptoms, consult with your doctor. This symptoms are not specific for colon cancer only, but may be the result of other conditions and diseases also.
Surgery is the main treatment for colon cancer and its primary goal is to improve the quality of life and prevent recurrence of the tumor. The patients in the advanced stage of the disease are treated by wide surgical procedure that often includes the removal of adjacent organs (vagina and uterus in women, and in men, prostate, testicular and bladder). The biggest complications of colorectal cancer are scattering disease, distant metastases and recurrence of the tumor. If the disease is detected at initial or premalignant stage (while still cell tumors are not present ), the therapy include less invasive methods, such as the local surgical removal of diseased tissue or tumor.
Advantages and disadvantages of treatment
Many people are in great fear of cancer therapy, mostly because of side effects that can occur. Some patients ask about the consequences of refusal of treatment. Although therapy can cause unwanted effects, it can often be controlled by using additional drugs. The original therapy is administered with a justified cause and potential benefits of the therapy varies from specifics and conditions of your illness.
Colon cancer can be prevented with proper, healthy and balanced diet that includes a menu with no fat and refined carbohydrates, lower intake of red meat, avoiding alcohol and cigarettes. On the other hand, recommended are foods high in fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Preferred is a Mediterranean diet – foods of plant origin (cereals, vegetables, fruits, nuts, walls, nuts), olive oil, moderate amounts of dairy products, fish and meat (chicken and turkey breast). It is advisable to input large quantities of raw or briefly heat foods. Avoid fried foods and baked with the addition of fats or oils.
In prevention of colon cancer daily moderate physical activity has an important role. In addition, it is necessary to maintain optimal body weight.