Thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland in the human body, in adult person weighs between 25 and 30 grams (it is slightly heavier in women).
Thyroid hormones affect the growth and maturation, increase the basal oxygen consumption, control our thermoregulation and protein synthesis, breakdown of fats etc. Thyroid hormones play a key role in the development of the nervous system, promote wakefulness, affect the feeling of hunger, memory and learning ability, and in a normal emotional tone. They also have an important role in the reproduction of men and women and to the maintenance of normal pregnancy. Affect growth and brain development in the fetal period and during the first years of life.
According to estimates by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, at least 30 million Americans have the disorder of the thyroid gland.
Here is a list with symptoms what you need to pay attention on:
Gain weight or weight loss
Unexplained change in body weight is one of the most common signs of thyroid disorders. The cultivation can be a signal of low level of thyroid hormone, a condition called hypothyroidism.
Swelling in the neck
Swelling in the neck is a visible sign that may indicate that something is wrong with the thyroid gland. This phenomenon can occur with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Changes in heart rate (Pulse)
Thyroid hormones affect almost every organ in the body, among other things, affect how fast the heart beats. People with hypothyroidism may notice that their heart rate is slower than usual. Hyperthyroidism can cause rapid heartbeat. It also can cause increased blood pressure.
Changes in mood and lack of energy
Thyroid disorders can have a noticeable impact on energy levels and mood. Hypothyroidism makes people feel tired, depressed. Hyperthyroidism can cause anxiety, sleep problems, and irritability.
Hair loss is another sign that perhaps your thyroid hormones are not in balance. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause hair loss. In most cases, the hair grows back when the thyroid disorder is cured.
Dry skin scaly patches can be a sign of hypothyroidism. Changes in skin texture and appearance are associated with a slow metabolism, which can reduce sweating. The skin with enough moisture quickly becomes dry. Also, the nails become brittle and uneven.
Irregular menstrual cycles
Longer menstrual periods with stronger pain can be a sign of hypothyroidism. Also, short time between two menstrual periods.
Painful limbs and muscles
If you have sudden feelings of tingling, numbness or pain in the hands, legs, feet or hands, this could be a sign of hypothyroidism. Over time, too little of the hormone can damage the nerves of the brain and spinal cord send signals through the body.
PLEASE CONSULT WITH YOUR DOCTOR OR OTHER QUALIFIED HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE PROBLEM WITH YOUR THYROID GLAND.