How much do we know about genetically modified organisms which produce food and are there any consequences of its consumption?
Genetically modified food or GM food, also genetically engineered foods, are foods produced from organisms that have changed DNA, using the methods of genetic engineering.
Genetically modified organisms – GMOs, is the term under which broadly means any change in the genome. Changes in the genome may be due to recombination of parental genes in the offspring. This includes hybridization, which has an important place in the process of improving the quality, refining and selection body. However, under the GMO, on which is such controversy, it is understood that way of modification of the genome, which in nature would never have happened. I can only get by genetic engineering, that is in the laboratory. These modifications are on the account is completely unrelated species. In this way GMOs in their DNA containing completely foreign gene, entered in the laboratory and advanced techniques.
GM foods are developed – and marketed – because there is some perceived advantage either to the producer or consumer of these foods. This is meant to be, a product with a lower price, greater benefit (in terms of durability or nutritional value) or both.
Despite the controversy surrounding them, genetically modified plants have taken root in our world. As with any new technology, members of society have the responsibility to become informed about genetically modified plants, in order to make decisions about their responsible use and regulation.
As of 2015, 64 countries require labeling of GMO products in the marketplace. US and Canadian national policy is to require a label only given significant composition differences or documented health impacts, although some individual US states enacted laws requiring them. In Europe all food (including processed food) or feed that contains greater than 0.9% GMOs must be labelled.