Food poisoning occurs when we enter food into the body which contains toxins and bacteria. These toxins and bacteria reach into the food from outside, during processing, transport or packaging or if it comes to food spoilage, mostly due to improper storage.
Most foods contain a certain number of bacteria in small concentration and they are not pathogenic for us, but if the food is not kept properly, the bacteria begin to multiply rapidly and can cause food spoilage and poisoning.
Bacteria can infect poultry, eggs and meat, and this way it cause salmonella poisoning. Also like we mention already, sometimes food can spoiled due to outside factors, like during transport or bad processing or packaging.
Food poisoning mostly occurs in the summer months and usually is with mild intensity, but, food poisoning also can lead to bigger health issues or problems. Since microbes have neither smell or taste, people easily get food poisoning. Those who eat or drink contaminated food or water can get diarrhea, usually caused by E. Coli.
Symptoms of food poisoning
All types of food poisoning have common symptoms like: vomiting, nausea, headache, fever, stomach cramps and diarrhea. Symptoms can occur only after two hours and up to few days after consuming spoiled food and they can last from one day to one week.
Poisoning which is not infectious have different symptoms, for example, weakness or paralysis of the mouth that can spread throughout the body, irritation, feeling of warmth or cold, while poisoning from fish with histamine, redness and severe abdominal pain. This poisoning can cause a lot of consequences on the nervous system.
Partial loss of speech, muscle weakness, difficulty in swallowing, dry mouth, muscle paralysis and vomiting may indicate botulism, very rarely poisoning caused by botulinum toxin, which is developed without the presence of oxygen in the sausages, canned and dry meat products .
With poisoning from poisonous mushrooms, tears, sweat, excessive salivation, dizziness, confusion, seizures and in worst cases-coma. Organophosphate poisoning (insecticides) has the same symptoms as mushroom poisoning.
Bacteria listeria can cause problems in the unborn child, and Escherichia may have negative effect on the kidneys. Further complications include arthritis and bleeding.
Do not hesitate to seek medical attention if you suspect you have food poisoning. Doctor will easily establish diagnosis with physical examination and blood test and urine sample.