High Cholesterol And Triglycerides In Blood
What is LDL and HDL cholesterol?
Fats are soluble in water, and shall not be transported in blood. Therefore, packed in special packets to be transported in blood. These packets consist of a carrier, protein and fat (lipid) that is transported, but the packages are called lipoproteins. LDL (low density lipoprotein) is the low-density lipoprotein, and HDL (high density lipoprotein) is a high-density lipoprotein. LDL has a low density, because it is rich in fat, and it is known that fat and oil floating on water, because they are lighter than water, i.e., have a lower density. HDL has little fat and much more protein (carrier) in its composition, because it is not harmful, and even the “good” because it has the capacity to acquire cholesterol from the blood vessels, making them clean.
What is good cholesterol?
Good cholesterol, or HDL (high density cholesterol) is considered to have the ability to collect grease from the walls of blood vessels and thus prevent accumulation of fat in the blood vessel walls and narrowing of the blood vessels. The development of narrowing of blood vessels, increases blood pressure and increases the chances of clogging of blood vessels, if a large thrombus. Good cholesterol fat collected is transferred to the liver, where they are further processed, so the more you have the “good” cholesterol, the better, because it will be less free cholesterol in the blood.
What is bad cholesterol?
Bad cholesterol, or LDL contains a large percentage of cholesterol, which is subject to oxidation. Cholesterol LDL from these packets sticks to the walls of blood vessels and contributes to the building of plaque (deposits on the walls of blood vessels that narrow the blood vessel diameter). When this increased cholesterol leads to excessive production of these layers, tj.plaka. When the narrowed blood vessel diameter increased blood pressure, and heart and additional burden.
Why have higher levels of cholesterol harmful?
What are triglycerides?
Increased triglycerides usually do not occur alone, but are associated with other symptoms and conditions, for example, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure. Usually when triglycerides are increased, HDL “good” cholesterol is reduced. Elevated triglycerides are a risk factor for developing heart disease, especially if it is associated with other symptoms that characterize metabolic syndrome X. The sugars that can bring nutrition into the body to consume, and the excess is converted into triglycerides and in this form is kept for periods of famine. Increased intake of sugars (carbohydrates), and diabetes are associated with an increased production of triglycerides.
What can cause increased cholesterol?
Elevated cholesterol can be caused by genetics, poor diet, obesity, and the risk factors are lack of exercise, age, gender (premenopausal women have lower cholesterol than men). Elevated cholesterol levels can also occur as a result of some other disease, eg, diabetes, hypothyroidism, obstructive liver disease, kidney damage, drugs (anabolic steroids, progesterone, corticosteroids).
What are the optimum values of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood?
Here are approximate date of cholesterol and triglycerides, and if there are additional risk factors for developing heart disease and blood vessels, fat values in the blood are more rigorous. The doctor will be on the basis of overall health status determined by the value of fats in the blood are desirable. Total cholesterol should be less than 5,0 mmol / l, LDL-cholesterol is less than 3,0 mmol / l. HDL cholesterol should be over 1,0 mmol / l.
How to reduce cholesterol in the blood?
Cholesterol levels can be increased as a result of increased intake of fat in the diet or if increased liver produces cholesterol, which is largely genetically determined. A reduced intake through diet can be influenced, in such cases it is possible to regulate cholesterol by changing eating habits, while in genetically excessive production of cholesterol, diet alone is not sufficient and it is necessary to use the medicine.